TEACHING: INVERTEBRATE BIOLOGY
INSTRUCTOR: Dr. Krushnamegh Kunte
Phone: NCBS ext. 6085 (office), 6086 (lab), 9483-525-925
DESCRIPTION: This course, taught in fall semester in odd years, offers an introduction to the diversity, ecology, evolution and conservation of invertebrates. The focus is on aspects of invertebrate biology that provide a broad understanding of the concepts and theories in ecology and evolutionary biology. The hope is that this broad training will lead to greater interest and research on invertebrate biology and conservation in India.
OBJECTIVES: By the end of this course, students will have a good understanding of the following biological aspects, especially with respect to invertebrates:
- The evolution, diversification and distribution of biodiversity
- Evolution of life histories, body form, survival strategies, and mating systems
- The role of invertebrates in ecosystem stability and functioning
- Collection, preservation and curation of invertebrate samples
- Conservation issues especially affecting preservation of biodiversity
STRUCTURE: This course will consist of classroom lectures and paper discussions. There will be 12 classes of 1½ hrs each. Each class will be broken in two parts. The first half will be discussion of assigned reading material(s) based on the previous class, and the second half will be lecture on a new topic. Lectures are expected to be interactive as far as possible.
ENROLMENT: This course is meant for the Masters students in NCBS but other students interested in invertebrate biology may enrol for credit or audit.
GRADING: Grades will be based on a term paper and the final written examination (short answer questions).
SCHEDULE OF LECTURES AND DISCUSSIONS:
Lecture 1: Evolution and diversification of invertebrates
Lecture 2: Distribution and abundance of biodiversity
Lecture 3: Foraging ecology
Lecture 4: Co-evolution
Lecture 5: Allometry, segmentation, and the evolution of body form
Lecture 6: Survival strategies
Lecture 7: Evolution of invertebrate societies
Lecture 8: Life history evolution
Lecture 9: Mating systems
Lecture 10: Dispersal, Migration, and Metapopulation dynamics
Lecture 11: Sensory ecology
Lecture 12: Biodiversity and Conservation: Invertebrates in a changing world
Ananthakrishnan, TN and KG Sivaramakrishnan. 2012. Dynamics of Insect Behaviour. Scientific Publishers.
Bernays, EA and RF Chapman. 1994. Hostplant Selection By Phytophagous Insects. Springer.
Bignell, DE, Y. Roisin, L. Nathan. 2010. Biology of Termites: a Modern Synthesis. 2nd edition. Springer.
Boggs, CL, WB Watt and PR Ehrlich (eds). 2003. Butterflies: Ecology and Evolution Taking Flight. Univ of Chicago Press.
Chapman, RF. (latest edition). The Insects: Structure and Function. Cambridge University Press.
Gilbert, LE and PH Raven (eds). 1975. Coevolution of Animals and Plants. University of Texas Press.
Hodkinson, TR and JAN Parnell (eds). 2007. Reconstructing the Tree of Life: Taxonomy and Systematics of Species Rich Taxa. CRC Press.
International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature. 1999. International Code of Zoological Nomenclature. International Trust for Zoological Nomenclature, London. http://www.nhm.ac.uk/hosted-sites/iczn/code/
Lewis, OT. 2007. Insect Conservation Biology: Proceedings of the Royal Entomological Society's 23nd Symposium. CABI.
Nair, MV. 2011. Dragonflies and Damselflies of Orissa and Eastern India. Orissa Wildlife Organization.
Narendra, A. and M. Sunil Kumar. 2006. On A Trail With Ants. Published by authors in Bengaluru.
New, TR (ed). 2008. Insect Conservation and Islands. Springer.
New, TR. 2012. Insect Conservation: Past, Present and Prospects. Springer.
Owen, DF. 1971. Tropical Butterflies. Clarendon Press, Oxford.
Punzo, F. 1998. The Biology of Camel-Spiders (Arachnida, Solifugae). Kluwer Academic Publishers.
Samways, MJ. 2005. Insect Diversity Conservation. Cambridge University Press.
Samways, MJ, MA McGeoch, TR New. 2010. Insect Conservation: A Handbook of Approaches and Methods. Oxford Univ Press.
Randall, TS and AVZ Brower. 2009. Biological Systematics: Principles and Applications. 2nd Edition.
Schowalter, T. 2006. Insect Ecology: An Ecosystem Approach. Elsevier/Academic Press.
Sebastian, PA and KV Peter. 2009. Spiders of India. Universities Press.
Southwood, TRE. Ecological Methods: With Particular Reference to the Study of Insect Populations. Chapman and Hall, London.
Subramanian, K. 2009. Dragonflies of India: A Field Guide. Vigyan Prasar.
Sutherland, WJ (ed). 2006. Ecological Census Techniques: A Handbook. 2nd edition. Cambridge Univ Press.
Terborgh, J. 1992. Diversity and the Tropical Rain Forest. Scientific American Library.
Thornhill, R. and J. Alcock. 1983. The Evolution of Insect Mating Systems. Harvard University Press.
Wheeler, QD (ed). 2008. The New Taxonomy. CRC Press.
Zhang, Z. (ed). 2011. Animal biodiversity: An outline of higher-level classification and survey of taxonomic richness. Zootaxa, 3148:1-237.
USEFUL WEB SITES:
India Biodiversity Portal: http://indiabiodiversity.org/
Indian Foundation for Butterflies’ Butterflies of India: http://ifoundbutterflies.org